Imphal West District :
The Imphal West District falls in the Category of Manipur valley region.
It is a tiny plain at the centre of Manipur surrounded by Plains of
other districts. Imphal City, the State Capital is the nodal functional
centre of this District. As a first glance, we may summarize as in the
It is surrounded by Senapati District on the north, on the east by
Imphal East and Thoubal districts, on the south by Thoubal and Bishnupur
Districts, and on the west by Senapati and Bishnupur Districts.
Imphal East District :
Imphal East District came into existence on 18-06-1997 with its head
quarters at Porompat occupying the eastern part of Imphal District. The
District is situated in two separate valleys of the state namely Central
Valley and Jiribam Valley. The total area of District is 469.44 sq. km.
approximately. The District is situated at an altitude 790 metres above
the M.S. Level. The climate of the District is salubrious and Monsoon is
tropical. The minimum temperature goes down to 0.6degree Celsius in
winter and 41 degree Celsius in summer. It has no rail network and hence
communication is entirely dependent on roads except Jiribam Sub-Division
bordering Cachar District of Assam where there is a railhead. The
District is connected with N.H. 39, N.H. 53 and N.H. 150.
Thoubal District :
The district of Thoubal, which occupies the bigger portion of the
eastern half of the Manipur Valley, takes the shape of an irregular and
triangular with its base facing north. It lies between 23° 45' N and
24°45' N latitude and 93°45' E and 94°15' E longitude. It is bounded on
the north by Imphal district, on the east by Ukhrul and Chandel
districts, on the south by Chandel and Churachandpur districts and on
the west by the districts of Imphal and Bishnupur. It has an area of 514
sq. kms. as supplied by the Surveyor General of India. Its average
elevation is not very much different from the rest of the Manipur Valley
which is about 790 metres on an average above the sea level. Although
the district is a part of the valley, the area of the district is not
entirely plain. Many rivers flow through the district and many lakes dot
its surface. Some of which are closely inter-twined with many folk tales
and stories, of which mention may be made of the fishing and other
episodes of the love story of the legendary Khamba-Thoibi. In fact, all
important lakes of Manipur, with the exception of Loktak, are in this
district. The State of Manipur used to supplement its meager resources
from the annual lease of the lakes in the past.
Bishnupur District :
The Bishnupur with it’s headquarter at Bishnupur (27 Km. from Imphal)
was opened on 25-05-1983. Stretching between 93.43 º E and 93.53 º E
Longitudes and 24.18 º N and 24.44 º N Latitudes the total geographical
area of the District is 530 Sq. Km. It is bounded on the North by Imphal
West District, on the South by Churachandpur District, on the East by
Imphal and Thoubal Districts. According to 1991 Census the total
population of the district is 1,80,773 (91,125 males and 89,648
females) having a density of 341 per Sq. Km. and literacy of 45 % (56%
for males and 34% females). There are 64 Revenue villages in the
District. For a better and convenient administration the District is
divided into three Sub-Divisions , viz (1) Bishnupur Sub-Division with
its HQ at Bishnupur and (2) Moirang Sub-Division (opened on 12-12-83)
with its HQ at Moirang and (3) Nambol Sub-Division with its HQ at Nambol.
There are 6 (six) SDC Circles in the district. Nambol, Oinam and
Bishnupur circles are situated within Bishnupur Sub-Division.
Ningthoukhong, Moirang and Kumbi circles are situated within Moirang
Sub-Division. The population of Bishnupur and Moirang Sub -Divisions as
per 1991 census is 91,781 and 88,991 respectively. Of the demographic
pattern , the Manipuries Meitei's constitute the largest population
followed by the tribal and Meitei Pangal ( Manipuri Muslims) . Splinter
number of Biharis and Marwaris are temporarily settled in the district
mainly for the business professions. As for the convenience of
developmental activities of the rural areas there are two C.D Blocks,
namely (1) Bishnupur C.D. Block with its HQ at Bishnupur and (2) Moirang
C.D Block with its HQ at Moirang Khunou. The Sub-Divisions are under the
charge of one SDO each and the C.D Blocks are under the charge of one
BDO each while the circles are under the charge of one SDC each.
Churachandpur District :
Among the hill districts, the fastest growing district headquarters and
hill-town is that of Churachandpur. It is truly an island of peace,
tranquility, prosperity and progress. Here all the communities of
Manipur, nay the whole of India, live happily in small but noticeable
sizes amongst the more populous tribal folk belonging to Chin, Kuki,
Mizo, Naga and Zomi ethnic groups - a mosaic of tribes, well laid out
and glowing with life.
Enthralling it is to see Assamese, Bengalis, Biharis, Keralites,
Malayalis, Marwaris, Nepalis, Punjabis and Tamilians rubbing shoulders,
inter-marrying and bargaining in the markets in one of the local tribal
dialects ! Churachandpur, which the locals call "Lamka" - meaning 'roads
meeting at a mouth' - possesses an air of fledging cosmopolitanism and
can appropriately be dubbed 'The Cosmopolitan Hill Town of Manipur.
Tamenglong District :
Tamenglong is entirely composed of hills, ranges and narrow valleys. The
hilltops and valley sides are dotted with small hamlets, located at
The land was believed to have been formed due to orogenic movement
during cretaceous and Eocene period. The main rock formations are
sandstone, shale, schist. Due to weak and fragile nature of rocks and
high gradient of the hill slopes, landslide is a common phenomenon in
the whole district in rainy season.
Chandel District :
The Chandel District (formerly known as Tengnoupal District ) came into
existence on 13-5-1974. The District lies in the south-eastern part
of Manipur. It is the border district of the state. Its neighbors are
Myanmar (erstwhile Burma) on the south, Ukhrul district on the east,
Churachandpur district on the south and west, and Thoubal district on
north. It is about 64 km. away from Imphal. The National Highway No. 39
passes through this District.
The District is inhabited by several communities. It is sparsely
inhabited by about 20 different tribes.. They are scattered all over the
District. Prominent tribes in the district are Anal, Lamkang, Kukis,
Moyon, Monsang, Chothe, Thadou, Paite, and Maring etc. There are also
other communities like Meiteis, and Muslims in small numbers as
compared to the tribes. Non-Manipuris like the Tamils, Bengalis,
Punjabis, and Biharis are also settled in this district.
The Moreh town, the international trade center of the state lies on the
southernmost part of the District. When the Trans-Asian Super Highway
comes into existence, Chandel district will be one of the gateways to
the Asian countries.
Ukhrul District :
Ukhrul District , the land of the colourful Tangkhuls was marked out
first a Sub-Division in 1919 during the British Raj. Then in November
1969 it was upgraded to a full-fledged district, bearing the
nomenclature of Manipur East District. The area of the district was
8,200 Sq. Km. according to the CSI Publication 1976. Later Tengnoupal
District, now called Chandel District was carved out from this district
on 15th July, 1983 and the area of the then Manipur East District was
sliced down to 4,544 Sq. Km. and the title of the district was changed
into Ukhrul District in 1983. Ukhrul is the District HQ. which, now, is
extended down to Hundung.